How Can Counseling Increase A Student’s Motivation?

There are times when you feel drained that almost everything feels like a chore. It feels like you’re stuck in the quicksand that you can’t escape—all the things you enjoyed before no longer bring the same amount of enjoyment.

When students feel demotivated, other aspects of their school lives are also affected. Their academic performance may dwindle. The relationship they built with their peers or parents can be shaken. More importantly, if they fail to cope well with what they’re experiencing, they may fall into adopting bad habits.

This article offers a deeper look at how counseling can help students who are experiencing motivational problems.  

What Is Motivation?

Motivation is one of the central tenets connected to understand human actions and behavior. Motivation refers to the force that drives someone to do something they need or want to do. There is always some motivation behind any action. 

For students, their motivation levels have a direct connection with their performance and well-being. Thus, maintaining or raising their motivation is vital in making students’ lives within the school setting enjoyable.

Tending to the motivational needs of the students is a critical function of the school. They have to identify the possible practices or events that lead to the students losing their motivation. 

Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation

The concept of motivation has many layers. Experts say that there are two major kinds of motivation: intrinsic and extrinsic.

When a person is intrinsically motivated, they are doing an activity because they find it inherently rewarding. They might find the activity in itself rewarding, satisfying, or fun, and that’s why they keep on doing it. 

The rewards in intrinsic motivation are leaning towards your psychological needs. For example, a student may join study groups because they find meeting new friends highly rewarding. 

On the other hand, extrinsic motivation is in conjunction with getting an external reward in return for doing something. The rewards don’t necessarily tend to a student’s psychological needs, but it involves external gains like money, fame, or avoiding punishments.

A student may aim for high grades in their exam because their parents promised an increase in allowance. This becomes the extrinsic motivator for a student to study well and aim for a high score in the exam.


Symptoms Of Lack Of Motivation

There are many observable symptoms when a student is having motivational problems. Here are some of the common symptoms:

  • Poor Follow Through 

A student may start multiple tasks but fail to follow through in any of them. They fail to finish tasks and break commitments they set for themselves.

  • Procrastination

When a student lacks motivation, they also tend to procrastinate their tasks. They wait until the last minute. They may even turn in their assignments late or not all. 

  • Self-Sabotaging Behaviors 

This kind of behavior holds back the student and prevents them from doing what they want to do. They might feel that they’re not competent enough and quit too soon when faced with obstacles.

  • Isolation

Lacking motivation also affects how a student builds and maintains relationships with the people around them. They might feel lonely and isolate themselves. 

  • Hopelessness

Students with motivational problems can also feel that everything wrong in their lives will not improve. This leads them to believe that they’re hopeless and there’s nothing they can do to better their situation. 

  • Fatigue

Lack of motivation also affects a student’s energy levels. Often, students that are experiencing motivational problems find themselves to be constantly exhausted. 


What Causes Motivational Problems?

There are many possible causes of motivational problems among students. External factors or conflicts within themselves can cause them. Sometimes, a combination of factors can cause these.

Some of the common causes of motivational problems in students include:

  • Family Problems

When there are conflicts within the family, the home becomes an unfit place for learning and studying. The tension in the family has a silent and subconscious effect on the students and, ultimately, their motivation. 

  • High Expectations

A healthy level of expectation can help students and children to achieve great results in their academics. However, when expectations become too high and unreachable, it might negatively affect the students. In worse cases, high expectations can push students to have depression and anxiety. 

  • Anxiety and Depression

Mental health concerns like anxiety and depression can extinguish the remaining motivation left in a student. When these issues are left unattended, they might bring about negative habits harmful to the student’s well-being.


What Is Motivational Interviewing, And How Can It Help?

Motivational interviewing is a method in counseling that aims to help people to find internal motivation. With this newfound motivation, they can change their previous habits and adopt healthier ones. 

This approach highlights the student’s autonomy and ability to make their own decisions. The counselor will empower the student to create their motivation and inspire change in their lives. 

Through motivational interviewing, the students may be able to:

  • Feel empowered and confident. The students are reminded that they have control over their lives.
  • Maintain relationships, whether inside or outside the school premises. 
  • Have conflict resolution skills, which are also crucial in building relationships. 
  • Self-regulate their emotions. They can acknowledge the feeling they’re having and act upon these emotions more healthily.
  • Be able to set for themselves reachable goals that they can reach. 

A critical aspect of motivational interviewing is in highlighting the strengths of the students. Counselors are making the students acknowledge their skills and talents, which are significant in overcoming obstacles and reaching their goals.


Motivation is an essential element in achieving success in life. It’s natural sometimes to feel that you’re stuck and unable to reach your goals. This happens to everyone, including some of the students.

What’s important to point out is that there are ways to deal with students’ lack of motivation. One of these ways is motivational interviewing. With this approach, students are reminded of their valuable skills and abilities. Counselors empower them to bring back the motivation and be successful in their lives. 

What You Need To Know About Multicultural Counseling 

Every individual we meet has their background, gender, religion, ethnicity, and customs they adhere to. More often than not, these social and cultural elements shape our identities and circumstances in life. 

Multicultural counseling takes these sociopolitical and cultural factors to give perspective to your individual experience. It works to understand that our background may play a part in the problems we face in everyday life. This approach helps us hone our understanding, acceptance, and respect for other people’s backgrounds. 

What Is Multiculturalism?

Multiculturalism is often used synonymously with diversity. However, it’s important to clarify the difference between the two. Diversity refers to the existing differences between people. Multiculturalism entails a deeper understanding of these differences. It might be among individuals or within their communities.

What Is Multicultural Counseling?

Multicultural counseling refers to counseling that considers your background when giving you advice. The following are factors taken into consideration when addressing the problems you bring to the table:

These factors impact a person’s identity, well-being, personal and social issues. Those who have experienced stigma, discrimination, and oppression may find this type of counseling helpful.

The core of multicultural counseling is counselors being aware of their client’s overall situation. They must be able to relate with the client while considering the client’s situation. The counselor should be able to establish a relationship with the client with empathy and respect.  

The counselor must have a thorough understanding of their client to offer truly beneficial services. A client may find it therapeutic to learn about how their background is related to the issues they face.  


What Is Multicultural Counseling’s History?

Counseling developed in the 19th century, and a multicultural approach to it only began to flourish in the mid-20th century. Moving beyond the educational setting, counseling reached women, people with disabilities, and other minorities. With the growth of the post-World War II economy, the public became more aware of the need to include people from minority groups. 

In the 1980s, different groups of counselors emerged. Multicultural concerns were in the spotlight, along with gender issues, feminist theory, and cultural groups. In the 1990s, multicultural counseling standards and skillsets were established. 

Presently, those in the field are researching the importance of multicultural psychology and counseling. This new research focuses on how to broaden its scope and focus. They also aim to be more inclusive of other groups and address the counselor’s needs and different client groups.

What Issues Can Multicultural Counseling Address?

A multicultural counselor considers how an individual’s issues are related to their personal and social circumstances. A few of the issues that multicultural counseling addresses are the following:


What Skills Does A Multicultural Counselor Need?

Cultural sensitivity is a significant skill that an effective multicultural counselor needs. They should know if something triggers or is too sensitive for the client. If they find something that makes a client is unwilling to proceed, they should disengage with care and caution. They might also change the topic entirely. It’s always important to be respectful of the client’s rights and feelings.

A counselor must also have cultural knowledge and awareness. They should make an effort to educate themselves on other cultures—this a headstart in understanding and respecting other ways of life.

They must also set their biases aside. It’s likely for therapists and clients not to share the same set of beliefs. But multicultural counselors should be able to set their own biases aside. Being impartial helps them provide their client with the necessary help.

It also wouldn’t hurt to be critical yet careful. Not all of a client’s problems are because of cultural or social factors. A counselor needs to be mindful of their client as a unique individual despite belonging to a certain cultural or social group.

Lastly, a counselor needs to learn how to communicate with empathy effectively. Good rapport between the two parties can build trust between them. However, with effective communication comes empathy. Multicultural counselors need to be able to put themselves in their client’s shoes. Awareness of other cultures should help therapists acknowledge individual differences and understand how these affect a person’s worldview. 


What Could You Expect From Multicultural Counseling?

A therapist or counselor can conduct multicultural counseling through various techniques and approaches. Other therapies can benefit from this counseling, and it is for any age group. Furthermore, whether sessions are face-to-face or digital is not much of a problem. 

The therapist needs time to know the client’s needs and be fully aware of their concerns. Once this is done, the counselor will guide their client to understand their problems. The counselor will explain the relationships they see between the problem and the client’s environment. 

Establishing trust between client and therapist is a must. With this in place, both therapist and client will effectively communicate and understand each other better. Getting to know the client through time should allow the therapist to arrive at a solution. Both must then work together to implement this. 

In Conclusion

The age of globalization has certainly allowed us to be more accepting of diversity. In many situations, it is easier to focus on the differences among ourselves. We should try to focus and build more on our similarities.

Multicultural counseling is helpful when dealing with social, cultural, and political issues. This type of therapy helps us acknowledge the differences in cultures and how it forms us as individuals. We must always be understanding of these differences. We should allow multiculturalism to thrive in communities.